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The Most Common Summer Illnesses and Injuries

The Most Common Summer Illnesses and Injuries

With the arrival of summer, we eagerly embrace the warm weather and outdoor activities! However, it's essential to be aware of the potential health risks that come with this season of sun and fun:

Heat-Related Illnesses

The scorching summer temperatures can take a toll on our bodies, leading to heat-related illnesses. These conditions occur when the body is unable to cool itself properly. The most common heat-related illnesses include:

  • Heat Stroke: This is a severe condition where the body's temperature regulation system fails, resulting in a dangerously high temperature. Symptoms include a throbbing headache, dizziness, confusion, and loss of consciousness.
  • Heat Exhaustion: This condition is characterized by heavy sweating, weakness, nausea, and rapid pulse. If not addressed promptly, heat exhaustion can progress to heat stroke.

Prevention of Heat-Related Illnesses

This summer, stay hydrated, seek shade or air-conditioned environments, wear loose and lightweight clothing, and avoid strenuous activities during the hottest hours of the day!


We all know that sunscreen is a summertime staple — but do you know how crucial regular application is? It's important to apply one ounce (two tablespoons) 30 minutes before going outside and reapply it every two hours or immediately after swimming or sweating.

Prolonged exposure to the sun's harmful UV rays can cause sunburns, which can range from mild to severe. Sunburns not only cause discomfort but also increase the risk of skin cancer over time.

Prevention of Sunburn

Keep the whole family’s skin safe this summer by applying sunscreen with a high SPF, wearing protective clothing, seeking shade, and avoiding direct sun exposure during peak hours (10 am to 4 pm).

Insect Bites

Insects thrive during the summer months, and their bites can lead to irritation, itching, and in some cases, transmission of diseases. Common summer insect bites include:

Prevention of Insect Bites

To avoid insect bites, use insect repellents, wear long-sleeved clothing, and avoid stagnant water areas where mosquitoes breed. After spending time outdoors, check for ticks and promptly remove them if found.

Water-Related Injuries

Swimming and water activities are popular summer pastimes, but they also carry potential risks:

  • Drowning: Always supervise children near water and follow proper safety precautions.
  • Waterborne Illnesses: Contaminated water sources can cause illnesses such as gastroenteritis. Be cautious when swimming in natural bodies of water and ensure the water is safe for recreational use!

Prevention of Water-Related Injury

In order to keep the whole family safe while swimming this summer, practice water safety measures — including swimming with a buddy, using life jackets when necessary, and following local guidelines for water safety.

Hiking-Related Injuries

Hiking is a popular summer activity that allows us to connect with nature and explore scenic trails. However, it's important to be aware of the potential injuries that can occur while hiking. Some common hiking injuries include:

  • Sprains & Strains: Overexertion, carrying heavy backpacks, or navigating challenging terrain can result in muscle strains or sprains.
  • Blisters: Long hikes and ill-fitting footwear can lead to painful blisters.

Prevention of Hiking-Related Injuries

To minimize the risk of hiking injuries, consider the following preventive measures:

  • Wear hiking boots with proper ankle support and be cautious with your footing.
  • Wear comfortable, moisture-wicking socks and properly fitting shoes to reduce the likelihood of blisters.
  • Warm up before a hike, take breaks, and listen to your body's limits.

Stay Safe This Summer!

While summer brings joy and outdoor adventures, it's crucial to be aware of the most common illnesses and injuries associated with this season in order to keep the whole family safe!

If you experience any severe symptoms or concerns this season, don't hesitate to seek medical attention. Enjoy the summer responsibly, and make lasting memories while prioritizing your health and well-being!